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Topics - No.1

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16
Aircraft Modeling / Eduard A6M2 no. 11155 1/48
« on: January 08, 2022, 12:12:14 PM »
Photos from few days behind but did not managed to process em before. Build also start, photos come soon :-ok

17
Miscellaneous Subjects / Bell X-1
« on: December 09, 2021, 09:37:40 PM »
Already in the middle of the Second World War, it became clear that the future of combat aviation was jet propulsion. Therefore, in 1943, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) began the MX-524 program to overcome the sound barrier. A year later, Bell Aircraft received a contract for the construction of the X-1 aircraft. On December 9, 1946, the first flight of the experimental Bell X-1 aircraft with a running engine.

The X-1 was a mid-plane with a retractable landing gear. It was equipped with a Reaction Motors XLR11-RM-3 rocket engine with a thrust of 27 kN. The maximum speed was 2594 km/ h, there was enough fuel for 5 minutes of flight.

The flight with the engine running was preceded by launches of the aircraft as a glider from the carrier - bomber Boeing B-29 Superfortress. On October 14, 1947, pilot Charles "Chuck" Yeager (Chuck Yeager) developed a speed of 1066 km/h on the X-1, exceeding the speed of sound for the first time. A total of 7 Bell X-1 aircraft were built as part of the MX524 program.

18
Combat Warplanes / Heinkel He 162 Volksj?ger
« on: December 06, 2021, 07:20:28 PM »
Losing the war, by 1944 Germany had focused on the production of jet fighters. The Messerschmitt Me.262 was considered expensive and unreliable, so on September 8, 1944, the requirements for a simple and cheap fighter in production were published. Among all the projects, we chose the He 162 Volksj?ger ("people's fighter") from Heinkel, developed and tested in just 90 days. December 6, 1944 - the first flight of the Heinkel He 162 Volksj?ger jet fighter.

It was a single-seat high-wing aircraft with a retractable landing gear and a V-shaped two-keel tail, made mainly of wood. It was equipped with a BMW 109-003E-1 engine with a thrust of 7.85 kN. The maximum speed is 900 km/h, the flight range is 970 km. Armament ? 2 ? 20 mm guns.

320 fighters were built before the end of the war. They were difficult to pilot, often broke down and crashed. After the war, the Allies tested the captured He 162 and came to the conclusion about their unsatisfactory flight characteristics.

19
Combat Warplanes / Sh-Tandem / Ш-Тандем
« on: December 05, 2021, 06:45:59 PM »
In the mid-1930s, work was underway in the USSR to create an armored attack aircraft, which eventually led to the development of the famous Il-2. But in parallel, there were projects of small light attack aircraft. One of them was the Sh-Tandem aircraft, designed by designer Peter Grushin in the workshops of the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI). December 5, 1937 - the first flight of the experimental light attack aircraft Sh-Tandem (aka Sh-MAI, MAI-3, MAI-Tandem).

As you can guess from the name, the Sh-Tandem was designed according to a tandem scheme with a two-keel tail and a retractable landing gear. With the M-87 engine (930 hp), it developed a maximum speed of 488 km/h. The armament consisted of 5 ? 7.62 mm SHKAS machine guns and 200 kg bombs.

The tests revealed a number of problems for the Sh-Tandem ? insufficient stability, poor handling, difficulties with takeoff. The designer was offered to modify his aircraft, but in May 1940 the project was closed. Only 1 prototype of the Sh-Tandem was built.

20
Combat Warplanes / Lior? et Olivier LeO H-43
« on: December 04, 2021, 09:23:40 PM »
In 1933, the French Navy announced a competition for the development of a seaplane for operation in coastal waters. It was to be operated both from coastal bases and launched from shipboard catapults. Among the 5 projects submitted for the competition was the LeO H-43 seaplane from Lior? et Olivier. December 4, 1934 - the first flight of the Lior? et Olivier LeO H-43 reconnaissance seaplane.

LeO H-43 was a 3-5-seat medium-sized plane with a float non-retractable landing gear. It was equipped with a 650 hp Hispano-Suiza 9Vb engine. The armament consisted of 2 ? 7.5 mm machine guns + up to 150 kg of bombs.

Based on the results of the tests, the commission chose a seaplane from Lior? et Olivier, taking into account further improvements. This process was delayed ? the first pre-production copy was ready only in July 1939, and only in February 1940 the aircraft began to enter service with squadrons. By this time, the Leah-43 was obsolete, so only 21 seaplanes were built.

21
Aircraft Modeling / Tempest Mk.II Eduard 82125
« on: November 29, 2021, 06:12:30 PM »
This will be nice recovery after long absence from model work, primary reviews :-adore so here is parts of Tempest Mk.II, Eduard 82125

22
Combat Warplanes / Fairey Hendon
« on: November 25, 2021, 09:58:18 PM »
In 1927, the British Aviation Ministry published the specification B.19/27 for a night heavy bomber. Among the 8 projects submitted for the competition was Hendon (until 1934, simply called Fairy Night Bomber) from Fairey Aviation. November 25, 1930 - the first flight of the Fairey Hendon heavy bomber.

The Hendon was a low-wing aircraft with a non-retractable landing gear and a two-keel tail. The fuselage frame was made of steel pipes and covered with canvas. 2 ? Rolls-Royce Kestrel VI engines (600 hp) allowed to reach a maximum speed of up to 245 km / h. Flight range - 2190 km. Armament ? 3 ? 7.7 mm Lewis machine gun + 753 kg of bombs.

Testing and launching into serial production of Hendon was delayed. The first serial bomber was built only in 1936. By this time, the more advanced Armstrong Whitworth Whitley, Vickers Wellington and Handley Page Hampden were introduced. Therefore, only 14 Fairey Hendon aircraft were produced.

23
Warplane Art / Pilatus PC-9
« on: November 17, 2021, 02:14:57 PM »
Beauty one :-adore and this is very start :-razz

24
Miscellaneous Subjects / Fairey Long-range Monoplane
« on: November 14, 2021, 06:26:57 PM »
In 1927, the Royal Air Force of Great Britain unsuccessfully tried to set a new range record on a Hawker Horsley bomber. After that, the British Aviation Ministry published specification 33/27 with the requirements for the aircraft for long-distance flights. In response, Fairey Aviation launched the Long-range Monoplane project. November 14, 1928 - the first flight of the Fairey Long-range Monoplane for long-distance flights.

The designers have developed a two-seat high-wing with a non-retractable landing gear. Depending on the variant of the chassis wheel with or without fairings. It was equipped with a Napier Lion XIa engine (570 hp) Cruising speed - 180 km/h.

On the first built Long-range Monoplane with a used J9479, they tried to break the record in December 1929. Unfortunately, the plane crashed in the south of Tunisia and the entire crew was killed. On the second plane, with the used K1991, on February 6-8, 1933, a new world range record was set. His crew covered a distance of 8707 km in 57 hours and 25 minutes .

25
Warplane Art / B-1
« on: November 11, 2021, 11:34:18 AM »
Very start of something biiiigggg :-ok

26
Combat Warplanes / Mi-28
« on: November 10, 2021, 03:45:25 PM »
In the mid-1970s, the two main helicopter design bureaus of the USSR began working on projects of promising attack helicopters in parallel. The Kamov Design Bureau worked on the future Ka-50, and the Mil Design Bureau designed the Mi-28. November 10, 1982 - the first flight of the Mi-28 attack helicopter.

The Mi-28 is a single-rotor helicopter with a tail rotor and an auxiliary wing. The two-seat cockpit of the pilot and navigator operator is armored. Unlike the Mi-24, the new helicopter does not have an amphibious cargo cabin. The Mi-28N version is equipped with 2 ? VK-2500-02 turboshaft engines (2200 hp), the maximum speed is 300 km/ h, the flight range is 450 km. Armament ? 30 mm 2A42 cannon + up to 2300 kg of combat load on 4 suspension points.

Testing, refinement and elimination of the helicopter's shortcomings took a lot of time. Only in 1996, a modification of the Mi-28N "Night Hunter" was developed, which was adopted by the Russian Aerospace Forces in 2013. The Mi-28N is also in service with the Iraqi and Algerian Air Forces.

27
Combat Warplanes / Siemens-Schuckert DDr.I
« on: November 09, 2021, 06:38:44 PM »
At the beginning of 1917, British Sopwith Triplane fighters appeared on the Western Front. #Germany responded to this with its Fokker Dr.I, which was flown by the famous ace pilot Manfred von Richthofen, nicknamed "The Red Baron". But other companies were also working on similar projects. In mid-1917, the development of its DDr fighter.I started Siemens-Schuckert. November 9, 1917 - the first flight of the experimental fighter Siemens-Schuckert DDr.I.

It was a single-seat triplane with pushing and pulling screws, made of wood. It was equipped with 2 ? Siemens-Halske Sh.1 engines with a capacity of 110 hp each. The armament consisted of 2 ? 7.9 mm LMG 08/15 machine guns.

Siemens-Schuckert DDr.I was one of the first aircraft of the "pull-push" scheme. Unfortunately, his first flight turned out to be his last. The fighter crashed and could not be restored. DDr projects.I and a similar DDr.II with more powerful engines were closed.

28
Combat Warplanes / Hawker Hurricane
« on: November 06, 2021, 10:13:11 PM »
The chief designer of Hawker Aircraft, Sir Sidney Camm, in the early 1930s, discussed with representatives of the Royal British Air Force a monoplane fighter to replace the Hawker Fury biplane. In 1934, the company received an order from the Aviation Ministry to develop such a project. The new fighter was named Hurricane. November 6, 1935 - the first flight of the Hawker Hurricane piston fighter.

It was a single-seat low-wing with a retractable landing gear. In the Mk.IIC variant, it was equipped with a Rolls-Royce Merlin XX engine (1185 hp) with a maximum speed of 550 km/h and a flight range of 970 km. Armament ? 4 ? 20 mm Hispano Mk II guns + 2 ? 110-kg or 230-kg bombs.

The reliable and easy-to-manufacture Hurricane entered service with the Royal Air Force already in 1937. 14487 fighters of all variants were produced. Hurricane actively participated in the Second World War and, in addition to the UK, were in service with more than 20 countries (Australia, Canada, France, the USSR, etc.)

29
Combat Warplanes / Saab 32 Lansen
« on: November 03, 2021, 06:15:53 PM »
In 1946, Saab began work on a project that was supposed to replace the Saab B 18 / S 18 bombers. 2 years later, the Swedish government clarified the requirements for a new strike aircraft ? it should be jet, as well as universal (attack aircraft, fighter, bomber). Thus began the history of the Saab 32 Lansen. November 3, 1952 - the first flight of the Saab 32 Lansen multi-purpose attack fighter.

The Lansen was a two-seat low-wing with a retractable landing gear. The Svenska Flygmotor RM6A engine with a thrust of 65.3 kN on the afterburner allowed it to reach speeds of up to 1200 km / h. The flight range is 2000 km. In the fighter version, it carried the following armament ? 4 ? 30 mm ADEN guns + up to 1500 kg of combat load (missiles) on 4 suspension points.

Lansen was produced in 3 versions - attack aircraft (A 32A), fighter (J 32B) and scout (S 32C). It became the first supersonic aircraft of the Swedish Air Force. 450 Saab 32 Lansen units of all modifications were built. These aircraft were in service with the Swedish Air Force until 1997.

30
Combat Warplanes / Landgraf H-2
« on: November 02, 2021, 05:48:21 PM »
Engineer Fred Landgraf, who previously worked at Douglas Aircraft, was more attracted to helicopter construction than work on airplanes. Therefore, in 1943 he founded his own company Landgraf Helicopter. The first project was the H-2 helicopter, designed to participate in the US Army competition. On November 2, 1944, the first flight of the Landgraf H-2 light helicopter.

It was a single-seat all-wood helicopter of a transverse scheme with a retractable landing gear. The H-2 did not have a blade skewing machine ? it was controlled by roll, pitch and yaw using ailerons mounted on each of the three blades of both propellers. It was equipped with a Pobjoy R engine (85 hp) with a maximum speed of 160 km/h.

During the tests, the H2 showed good flight characteristics and the Landgraf Helicopter received financial support from the military. But later the appearance of more advanced helicopters led to the withdrawal of funding and the project was closed. Traces of the only H-2 built are lost after 1949.

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